Apache/2.2.22 is pre-installed in Mountain Lion. To check the version installed:
To start | stop | restart Apache:
sudo apachectl start|stop|restart
After starting Apache you should see the “It Works!” text in the browser – http://localhost.
OS X has historically had 2 document roots, one at system level, and one at user level – the user level one allows multiple acounts to have their own web root, whilst the system one is global for all users.
The default system document root is found at /Library/WebServer/Documents/ – http://localhost/.
The user document root level should be found at the ‘~/Sites’ folder in the User account on a clean installation, but is missing in Mountain Lion, so you need to make a “Sites” yourself:
Check that you have a “username.conf” filed under: /etc/apache2/users/. If you don’t (very likely), then create one:
sudo nano username.conf
Then add the content below:
Options Indexes MultiViews
Allow from all
Permissions on the file should be:
-rw-r--r-- 1 root wheel 298 Jun 28 16:47 username.conf
Then this user level document root will be viewable at: http://localhost/~username/
PHP 5.3.13 is loaded in OSX 10.8 Mountain Lion and needs to be turned on by uncommenting a line in the httpd.conf file.
sudo nano /etc/apache2/httpd.conf
Uncomment the line (remove the #):
LoadModule php5_module libexec/apache2/libphp5.so
To configure php, create php.ini file:
sudo cp /etc/php.ini.default /etc/php.ini
sudo chmod ug+w php.ini
sudo nano /etc/php.ini